Book Notes: Animal Superstitions

Today, I am continuing with my notes on David Pickering’s Cassell Dictionary of Superstitions. Last time, I shared notes on general supernatural superstitions. This time, I’m focusing on animals. As Pickering writes, “Innumerable species  of animal are credited with supernatural powers, including the ability to seethe future and kingship with the spirit world.” “Belief in the magical nature of the animal world,” Pickering writes, “was once much stronger than it is now, and in many cultures animals were considered almost the equal of humans” (p.7). Below are some of the more interesting notes I found while reading this book.

Bat (p. 22-3):

  • “The appearance of a bat in a church during a wedding ceremony is considered a bad omen, and if a bat flies three times round a house or hits a windowpane this is a sure prophecy of the impending death of someone within.”
  • “A near miss when a bat flies close by is a warning that the person concerned is threatened  by betrayal or witchcraft at the hands of another.”
  • “Other traditions suggest that witches sometimes turn themselves into bats in order to enter people’s houses and that the sight of bats flying vertically upwards and then dropping back to Earth is a sign that the witching hour has come. Witches, it is said, often include a few drops of bat’s blood in the flying ointment they are said to smear on their bodies before taking off on their broomsticks: the idea is that they will then be safe from collding with anything […].”

Bear (p. 25): “According to popular superstition, bears obtained their sustenance by sucking on their own paws, and literally licked their newborn cubs into a bear shape when first delivered.”

Birds (p. 33): 

  • “Dark-coloured birds that fly around trees without ever seeming to settle are said to be souls of reincarnated evil-doers, though another popular superstition (from France) maintains that when unbaptized children die they become birds for a time until accepted into heaven.”
  • “The death of a caged bird on the morning of a wedding indicates that the marriage will not prosper, and pet birds must be kept informed of important family events or they will languish and die.”

Cow (p.73): A cow trespassing in a garden means imminent death, and 3 cows means 3 imminent deaths.

Dolphin (p. 85): Dolphins change color when death is near.

Donkey (p. 86): “[…] it is claimed that plucking three hairs from a donkey’s shoulders and placing the in black silk or muslin bag worn around the neck of a person suffering from measles or whooping cough – which sounds not unlike the braying of an ass – is certain to cure the disease, as long as the animal is the opposite sex to the patient.”

Duck (p.89): Ducks that flap their wings while swimming are warning us of approaching rain.

Eel (p. 93): “It was once said that witches and sorcerers clad themselves in jackets made of eelskin in the belief that these were impervious to gunfire.”

Fox (p. 110): In Scotland farmers nailed the head of foxes to the barn door to scare off witches.

Muskrat (p. 183): “The [American] Indians believe that the construction of the muskrat’s home can reveal much about the coming season’s weather. If the muskrat builds its home well clear of the water, heavy rains are due, but it constructs a house with thin walls the winters will be mild.”

Pig (p. 204): “According to the Irish, children suffering from mumps and other ailments should rub their heads on a pig’s back so that the disease will be transferred to the animal.”

Sheep (p. 225): “Consuming a little sheep dung in water will relieve both jaundice and whooping cough.”

Want more? 

Black Dogs and Death 

Cats and Death: A Very Brief History 

A Friday the 13th Reading List


An important part of my notebook is the running list of things I’d like to read. And, I wanted to share sources I scribbled down this morning over coffee. For obvious reasons, I had the number 13 on my mind. Let me know if you have any interesting links to add, because I always want to read more. I will be updating it throughout the day, so come on back. Happy Friday the 13th!

“Friday the 13th: History of a Phobia,” The History Channel

A general introduction. How Stuff Works also has an excellent general overview.

“Bust the Myth of Friday the 13th and the Knights Templar,” National Geographic 

Because members of the Knights Templar were allegedly arrested on Friday the 13th (October), many people believe that’s why we should fear the date. But like most stories, it’s a bit more complicated…

“Lemuria,” Wikipedia 

Today is also Lemuria, which was a celebration in Ancient Rome where Romans performed rites to exorcise malevolent spirits.

“Friday the 13th: 9 Things You Didn’t Know About The Movie,” The Telegraph 

I like pop culture lists, what can I say? The Midnight Society also has a great list.

“Skipping the 13th Floor,” The Atlantic 

This article talks about the superstition of the 13th floor and its effect on infrastructure design. If you want to read a general overview of the 13th floor superstition, Wikipedia has you covered.

“The Thirteen Club: Celebrating Friday the 13th,” My Daffodil Digresses

In the 1880s, a group was created to debunk the superstition that “13 at a table” was unlucky. The belief is that if 13 people are seated at a table, one would die within a year. So, this club met on the 13th of the month for a dinner party of 13.

“My Creepy Search History: Corpse Lights,” Kira Butler 

It has nothing to do with Friday the 13th, but it (1) was published today, (2) is creepy and fun, and (3) is a great blog.

“13 Reasons People Think the Number 13 is Unlucky,” mental_floss

Some folklore that may surprise you!